The Secretary of Homeland Security may designate a foreign country for TPS due to conditions in the country that temporarily prevent the country's nationals from returning safely, or in certain circumstances, where the country is unable to handle the return of its nationals adequately. USCIS may grant TPS to eligible nationals of certain countries who are already in the United States.
TPS beneficiaries can obtain an employment authorization document (EAD) and qualify for a social security number to work lawfully in the United States. As such, the will qualify for the earned income tax credit, child tax credit, and American opportunity tax credit. They also qualify for the Premium Tax Credit. Because TPS beneficiaries are lawfully present, they must have minimum essential coverage or pay a shared responsibility payment per the Affordable Care Act.